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HGV Walkaround Checks 2020

It is important you carry out a HGV walkaround check before your journey to make sure it’s safe.

You need to ensure the HGV is fit for the journey and safe for yourself and other road users. We have listed all of the checks below which need to be looked over daily before you start your journey.

If you spot any defects, you can contact Serviceco immediately and we can arrange for any maintenance and repairs.

Check inside the vehicle

Mirrors and glass

Check that the windscreen/side mirrors are not:

  • cracked
  • scratched
  • discoloured
  • excessively tinted
  • damaged or missing glass

If a camera system is used instead of a mirror, check that it works and the view is correct.

Windscreen wipers and washers

Make sure the windscreen wipers work. Check that they are not:

  • missing
  • damaged or worn

Make sure the windscreen washer is working.

Front view

Check that no objects get in the way of your front view. Some official stickers and road safety items are allowed, as long as they do not seriously block your view of the road.

Dashboard warning lights and gauges

Check that all of these are working correctly:

  • instruments
  • gauges
  • warning lights – including the engine warning, emissions system, anti-lock braking system (ABS) and electronic braking system (EBS)


Check that the steering wheel:

  • moves properly and that the power-assisted steering works correctly
  • has no excessive play
  • does not jam


Check that the horn works and is easily accessible from the driver’s seat.

Brakes and air build-up

Check that:

  • the air builds up correctly and warning system works
  • there are no air leaks
  • the footwell is clear
  • the service brake operates both the tractor and trailer brakes
  • the parking brake works
  • the service brake pedal does not have excessive side play or missing, loose or incomplete anti-slip tread

Height marker

Check the correct vehicle height is displayed on the vehicle height marker in the cab.


Check that seatbelts:

  • do not have any cuts, damage or fraying that may stop them from working
  • stay secure when you plug them in
  • retract against you when fitted, and fully retract when you take them off

Check outside the vehicle

Lights and indicators

Check that:

  • all lights and indicators work correctly
  • all lenses are fitted, clean and the right colour
  • stop lamps come on when you apply the service brake and go out when you release it
  • marker lights are fitted and work

Fuel and oil leaks

Check that the fuel filler cap is fitted correctly. Turn on the engine and check underneath the vehicle for any fuel or oil leaks.

Battery security and conditions

Check that your battery is:

  • secure
  • in good condition
  • not leaking

Diesel exhaust fluid (AdBlue)

Check that your diesel vehicle has enough AdBlue diesel exhaust fluid and top up if necessary.

Excessive engine exhaust smoke

Check that the exhaust does not emit an excessive amount of smoke.

Security of body and wings

Check that:

  • all fastening devices work
  • cab doors and trailer doors are secure when closed
  • body panels on tractor or trailer are secure and not likely to fall off
  • landing legs (if fitted) are secure and not likely to fall off while driving
  • sideguards and rear under-run guards are fitted if required, and that they’re not insecure or damaged

Spray suppression

If spray suppression flaps are required, check that they are:

  • fitted
  • secure
  • not damaged
  • not clogged with mud or debris

Tyres and wheel fixing

Check that:

  • the tyres and wheels are secure
  • the tyres have a tread depth of at least 1mm
  • the tyres are inflated correctly
  • there are no deep cuts in the tyre’s sidewall
  • there is no cord visible anywhere on the tyre
  • all wheel nuts are tight enough – you can check if wheel nut indicators (if fitted) have moved to do this
  • there are no objects or debris trapped between the twin wheels

Brake lines and trailer parking brake

Check that:

  • couplings are free from debris and are in the right place
  • there are no leaks
  • there is no damage or wear to the brake lines
  • the parking brake for the trailer works

Electrical connections

Check each connection and make sure that all:

  • visible wiring is insulated
  • visible wiring is not likely to get caught or damaged
  • all electrical trailer couplings are connected securely
  • all electrical switches work correctly

Coupling security

Check that your vehicle is securely attached to your trailer and that the:

  • trailer is located correctly in the fifth wheel or coupling
  • secondary locking devices are in the correct position

Security of load

Check that the load does not move and is not likely to move. Make sure you use the right type of load securing system for the load.

Number plate

Check that the number plate is not:

  • broken or incomplete
  • incorrect or spaced incorrectly
  • dirty
  • faded
  • covered over by anything


Check that the reflectors (including side reflectors) are not:

  • missing
  • broken
  • insecure
  • fitted incorrectly
  • the wrong colour
  • obscured by dirt or other objects

Markings and warning plates

Check that the vehicle’s markings (including conspicuity markings) are:

  • the right colour
  • visible
  • securely fastened
  • not obscured by dirt or other objects

If the vehicle is carrying dangerous goods, check that the hazard information panels are:

  • show the correct information for the load
  • visible
  • securely fastened
  • not obscured by dirt or other objects

Other check items

You might need to check other items specific to the vehicle, for example, loading or specialised equipment.

If you require further advice or need to contact us in regards to maintaining a vehicle, call us on 0330 124 5653 or email info@serviceco.co.uk.

Credit: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/carry-out-daily-heavy-goods-vehicle-hgv-walkaround-checks

2020-02-27T15:01:32+00:00February 28th, 2020|